Minimal Access Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery: The surgeon makes several small incisions about one-half inch in size. During laparoscopic procedures, a camera attached to a thin metal telescope (laparoscope) is placed inside a single incision. The laparoscope allows the surgeon to view the inside of the abdomen on operating room monitors. To perform the surgery, small instruments are placed through other small incisions.
Laparoscopic-assisted surgery: This type of procedure is performed primarily laparoscopically and then completed through a small abdominal incision.
Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery: During this procedure, a device is placed in an incision 2 to 3 inches in length. The surgeon inserts a hand through the incision to assist in performing the operation.
Single-incision surgery or single-site surgery: In this approach, both the laparoscope and operating instruments are passed through a single, small incision.
Robotic surgery or robotic-assisted surgery: Similar to standard laparoscopic surgery, this newer technique allows a surgeon to control a robot that moves the surgical instruments.