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What is Gynecology?

Gynecology is a medical discipline dedicated to female health care concerns including the development, diagnosis, prevention, and therapy of disorders and diseases distinct to the female reproductive system. The medical care of a woman and her child before, during, and after birth is attributed to the field of obstetrics. Gynecology and obstetrics are related disciplines concerned with female reproductive health.


Gynecologists use a range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Some of the procedures that are widely used in gynecology include:-

  • Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus

  • Ovary removal

  • Removal of fallopian tubes during surgery

  • Taking cone biopsies from the inner walls of the uterus if cancer of the womb is suspected

  • Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, where the insides of the uterus are viewed using endoscope like instruments

  • Taking biopsy or tissue samples from the cervix, if cancer is suspected

  • Taking routine Pap smears from the cervix in order to diagnose and detect cervix cancer

  • Ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs

  • Laparoscopy or visualizing the inner abdominal organs of the female reproductive system and diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes

  • Removal of uterus fibroids

  • Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections

  • Diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence

  • Diagnosis problems with menstruation like absence, heavy bleeding, irregular or no-onset of menstruation etc.

  • Diagnosis and treatment of cancers of cervix, vagina, vulva, uterus or ovary along with a team of physicians and surgeons including an oncologist or cancer specialist.

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